Hong Kong International Airport
Client: Hong Kong International Airport
Landrum & Brown was the lead consultant on the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) Master Plan 2035 Aerotropolis, Strategic Studies, and Final Report Compilation.
The Aerotropolis task objective included a definition of ‘Aerotropolis’ relevant and applicable to HKIA, factors contributing to the success or failure of various concepts; land use policy, transportation planning approaches, cargo/logistics strategies, commercial development, and balance of on-airport and off-airport development strategies.
To consider the implications of Aerotropolis developments, no less than 182 airports were investigated to determine their status relative to the definition of airport cities and/or aerotropolises, as a network of airport-related activity clusters with physical and/or functional connectivity to their airports. The primary divisions of the Aerotropolis developments that evolved in response to market demand were analyzed along with those that resulted from planning policies. Specifically, these divisions may be categorized as:
- Spontaneously Regional Market Driven (57 airports)
- Spontaneously Aviation Market Driven (38 airports)
- Planned-Policy Led Refinement Plans (26 airports)
- Planned-Policy Led Incentivized Development Plans (61 airports)
The global examples were reviewed by city and region relative to global demand, levels of air passenger and air cargo activity, regional demand within the airport vicinity, and issues of economic activity incentives “to relocate” or “not to relocate” to be adjacent to the airport.
By looking at the global and regional trends and market demand for global cities with Aerotropolis/airport-related developments, key findings were identified and used as specific recommendations for land use and policy to encourage Aerotropolis development relevant to HKIA. This process was structured in a way to be used as an evaluation process for planning and ultimately a later evaluation of the success or failure of Aerotropolis strategies.
Other related studies include:
- Airport Passenger Processing Survey and analysis
- Airport Cargo Planning Strategic Study
- Airport Strategic Overview of Major Airport Development